Posts Tagged ‘Origin of Species’

Algae Asphyxiates Evolution Principle

Algae Cardinale

Algae Asphyxiates Evolution Principle

In The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin cast his theory of evolution centered on a “struggle for life” principle – coined as the “war of nature” or the “survival of the fittest” in 1859.  This principle is presented in the complete title of his legionary book – On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

This competitive “struggle for life,” Darwin had argued, occurs between the new and the original species. With the emergence of new species, they were imagined to compete even against their own parents:

“The principle of competition [is] between organism and organism, between child and parent… supplant[ing] the old and unimproved forms.”

Competition increases with increasing similarity. “As the species of the same genus,” Darwin argued, “the struggle will generally be more severe between them, if they come into competition with each other, than between the species of distinct genera.” Since then, however, the evidence directly challenges Darwin’s principle of evolution. Continue Reading

Ant Colony Terrorizes Evolutionism

Ant Colony

Ant Colony Terrorizes Evolutionism

In The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin assertively explains, “We shall, perhaps, best understand how instincts in a state of nature have become modified by selection, by considering… the slave-making instinct of certain ants.” Similar to bees with elbowed antennae, ants are instinctively colony-building social insects.

Without a blueprint or leader, swarming ants can move specks of dirt to create large structures with an integrated network of complex tunnels with circulating ventilation. Scientists studying organization in nature are increasingly turning their interest towards how these insects with tiny brains could have evolved instincts to cooperatively engineer such impressive structures.
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Extinction, Darwin Wrong Again

Great Auk

Extinction, Darwin Wrong Again

In The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin envisioned that “extinction and natural selection go hand in hand.” Extinction, however, was relatively new concept only emerging in revolutionary France following the publication of Essay on the Theory of the Earth in 1813 by French naturalist Georges Cuvier.

“All these facts, consistent among themselves,” Cuvier argued, “seem to me to prove the existence of a world previous to ours… And what revolution was able to wipe it out [extinction]?” Cuvier was an iconic French scientist who established extinction as a field of inquiry. When completed in time for the 1889 World’s Fair, his name was one of the only seventy-two names inscribed onto the Eiffel Tower. The discovery of extinction, Elizabeth Kolbert explains in book The Sixth Extinction (2014), made evolution seem “as unlikely as levitation” – an issue Darwin conveniently overlooked.

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Fossils, the Colossal Evolution Failure

Daohugou Biotia

Fossils. The Colossal Evolution Failure

Over the past two decades, a treasure trove of fossils has been unearthed in China.  Some of the world’s most exquisitely preserved feathered dinosaurs, birds, reptiles and mammals have been recovered near quiet the northeastern China village of Daohugou.  

Chinese farmers first discovered the trove near this Inner Mongolian village in 1998. The following summer, two distinct salamander species were recovered. Since then, the now infamous fossil site has been named the Daohugou Biota and has yielded more than 30 different vertebrate taxa (groups). The treasure trove of scientific evidence, however, further upends Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

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Imaginative Human Evolution

Imaginative Human Evolution Undermined

Imaginative Human Evolution

The origin of the human evolution concept into modern western civilization is largely credited to The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin published in November 1859. Ironically, while arguing for the evolution of new species from existing primitive species, Darwin only addressed the topic of human evolution in one sentence: “Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history.” 

Darwin’s small spark ignited a raging fire lasting now more than 150 years. Stemming from scientific technological advances, Darwin’s fire is facing the inevitable prospect of being extinguished – estimated to be 60 to 80 pounds, Oreopithecus bambolii is the latest example of imaginative human evolution.

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Darwin’s Frog Defies Evolution

Darwin's FrogIn December 1834, during the five-year voyage of the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin discovered an unusual frog on the temperate forest Island of Lemuy, Chiloe Archipelago. Named in his honor, Rhinoderma darwinii, this legendary frog is facing extinction, not evolution.

The only known sister Rhinoderma species, Rhinoderma rufum, was discovered by French zoologist André Marie Constant Duméril (1774 – 1860), in Argentina. In 2004, the International Union of Conservation Nature (IUCN) listed R. rufum as “critically endangered” and R. darwinii as “vulnerable.”

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New Species, Darwin Wrong Again

ElephantsNatural selection, according to Charles Darwin in The Origin of Species, acts with a dual nature pendulum swinging between the formation of new species and the extinction rates of species.

While “extinction and natural selection go hand in hand,” Darwin advanced the concept that the pendulum favored the formation of original new species−speciation. The title, The Origin of Species, encapsulates this theory. 

In a new study published in Science Express  this month by biologist Tiago Quental of the University of São Paulo, Brazil, and paleobiologist Charles Marshall of the University of California, Los Angeles, entitledHow the Red Queen drives terrestrial mammals to extinction,” however,  undermines Darwin’s new species theory.  The study was designed to test a popular evolutionary theory called the Red Queen hypothesis.

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Evolution of Darwin’s ‘Tree of Life’

Web‘Tree of life’ drawings are the only quintessential symbol of biological evolution. In 1837, Charles Darwin drew his first with the title “I Think. Eugenie Scott, executive director of the National Center for Science Education in California, updated Darwin’s drawing as the organization’s logo in 2007. Since then, Darwin’s 1837 tree drawing has emerged as a popular subject for tattooing.

By the publication of The Origin of Species more than twenty years later in 1859, however, the tree had evolved into what Darwin called a “diagram” with no resemblance to the 1837 tree. Like the “I Think” drawing, Darwin never discloses what evidence behind the diagram. The drawing was simply ideological.

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Genes and Chromosomes, an Evolutionist Nightmare

Chromosomes IIEvolution, as Charles Darwin  insisted, must “have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications.” Since the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859, the pursuit of evolutionary paleontologists, embryologists, molecular biologists, and geneticists have been to discover these “successive, slight” changes−even in chromosomes.

The convergence of evidence from these scientific fields to paint a uniform evolutionary pattern was once considered the ultimate goal to validate Darwin’s theory. After 150 years of unprecedented research, however, the evidence is more contradictory than complementary. While Darwinism has never been validated, alternative theories of evolution continue to cycle through constant states of crisis. Scientific evidence from genes and chromosomes do not complement evolution.
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Richard Dawkins Dumps the Fossil Record

Dawkins Richard IIThe fossil record was no friend of Charles Darwin in 1859. Now, more than 150 years later, the fossil record is no longer a friend of Richard Dawkins, either. “Why does not,” Darwin pointed out, “every collection of fossil remains afford plain evidence of the gradation and mutation of the forms of life?”

The question was unavoidable, the elephant in the room, yet troubling since Darwin recognized that the fossil record could eventually either make or break his theory:   

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Book Description

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Darwin, Then and Now is a journey through the most amazing story in the history of science - the history of evolution. The book encapsulates who Darwin was, what he said, and what scientists have discovered since the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859.

With over 1,000 references, Darwin Then and Now is a historical chronicle of the rise and fall of the once popular theory of biological evolution.