Posts Tagged ‘Origin of Species’
‘Tree of life’ drawings are the only quintessential symbol of biological evolution. In 1837, Charles Darwin drew his first with the title “I Think. Eugenie Scott, executive director of the National Center for Science Education in California, updated Darwin’s drawing as the organization’s logo in 2007. Since then, Darwin’s 1837 tree drawing has emerged as a popular subject for tattoo.
By the publication of The Origin of Species more than twenty years later in 1859, however, the tree had evolved into what Darwin called a “diagram” with no resemblance to the 1837 tree. Like the “I Think” drawing, Darwin never discloses what evidence behind the diagram. The drawing was simply ideological.
Evolution, as Charles Darwin insisted, must “have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications.” Since the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859, the pursuit of evolutionary paleontologists, embryologists, molecular biologists, and geneticists have been to discover these “successive, slight” changes−even in chromosomes.
The convergence of evidence from these scientific fields to paint a uniform evolutionary pattern was once considered the ultimate goal to validate Darwin’s theory. After 150 years of unprecedented research, however, the evidence is more contradictory than complementary. While Darwinism has never been validated, alternative theories of evolution continue to cycle through constant states of crisis. Scientific evidence from genes and chromosomes do not complement evolution.
The fossil record was no friend of Charles Darwin in 1859. Now, more than 150 years later, the fossil record is no longer a friend of Richard Dawkins, either. “Why does not,” Darwin pointed out, “every collection of fossil remains afford plain evidence of the gradation and mutation of the forms of life?”
The question was unavoidable, the elephant in the room, yet troubling since Darwin recognized that the fossil record could eventually either make or break his theory:
The Joint International Turtle Genomes Consortium from China, Japan and the United States published findings for the first time in the prestigious journal of Nature. The research team described their most recent findings on embryonic gene expression in the paper entitled “The draft genomes of soft-shell turtle and green sea turtle yield insights into the development and evolution of the turtle specific body plan.”
Since the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859, embryology has played a pivotal role in the history of evolution. Charles Darwin noted that the “leading facts in embryology … [were] second to none in importance” in establishing his theory of evolution. That was then.
In the same way Isaac Newton discovered the laws of motion and gravity, Charles Darwin launched his pursuit to discover the laws of biological evolution. After decades of searching and studying, Darwin eventually proposed his law of evolution – “natural selection.”
Natural selection soon emerged as the cornerstone law of evolution following the publication of the first edition of The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in November 1859. Natural selection stands as the fundamental tenet of Darwin’s theory of evolution, popularly known as Darwinism. But, what in natural selection – really?
In the early 1860’s following the publication of The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859, a dining club group of nine men were united by a “”devotion to science, pure and free, untrammeled by religious dogmas.” The group became known as the “X Club.”
The radical reformation of the Royal Society became their ultimate mission. With persistence, the X Club members became the prominent and powerful key players in the new emerging scientific academia during the 1870s and 1880s. The X Club re-shaped the landscape of academic discipline of science.
At Edinburgh University nearly 200 years ago, Charles Darwin found the lectures to be “incredibly dull” and the thought of surgery “haunted” him. Much has changed, since then. The originator of the “God particle” concept is largely credited to Peter Higgs, emeritus professor of theoretical physics at the University of Edinburgh.
While Darwin eventually proposed “natural selection” as a natural law for evolution in 1859 in the publication of The Origin of Species, Higgs proposed the existence of a new atomic particle now known as the Higgs boson or the Higgs particle as predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics in the 1960’s.
Amazingly, Darwin’s enigma has continued to remain unresolved for more than 150 years since the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859.
Last month, Princeton University convened the largest international conference of leading origin of life scientists at the Princeton Center for Theoretical Science (PCTS). Representatives from Canada, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Mexico and Japan joined American colleagues to for the purpose of unraveling the seeming persistent plague on biological evolution−the origin of life. Continue Reading
Charles Darwin and Abraham Lincoln were born this week on the very same day, February 12, 1809 –more than 200 years ago. Today, while both are honored on their countries’ paper currency, Lincoln on the U.S. five-dollar bill and Darwin on the English ten-pound note they were born into two different worlds, with two different destinies.
Lincoln was born in a one-room Kentucky log cabin. Darwin was born in a legendary estate – The Mount. Lincoln was destined to free the American slaves; Darwin was destined to intellectually free minds from a divine creation. Continue Reading
In January paleontologist Pascal Godefroit of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Belgium published a paper in Nature a new fossil record discovery that defies, once again, long-held theories on the dinosaur to bird evolution.
In Liaoning Province located in north-east China, the team led by Godefroit in cooperation with a research team from the Jilin University Geological Museum in China undermines the pivotal position of Archaeopteryx – the bird that was once thought to be the original or “first bird.”
Archaeopteryx actually means the “ancient wing.” Continue Reading