James Clerk Maxwell


Biographical Sketch of James Clerk MaxwellMaxwell, James Clerk

James Clerk Maxwell, a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics. 

Born in Scotland, 1831-1879
Founder of classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, Maxwell’s equations, uniting electricity and magnetism, often called the “second great unification in physics” after the first one realized by Isaac Newton.


Smith’s Prize, 1854

Adams Prize, 1857

Rumford Medal, 1860

Keith Prize, 1869–71

Maxwell’s Declarations

“Almighty God, Who hast created man in Thine own image, and made him a living soul that he might seek after Thee, and have dominion over Thy creatures, teach us to study the works of Thy hands, that we may subdue the earth to our use, and strengthen the reason for Thy service; so to receive Thy blessed Word, that we may believe on Him Whom Thou hast sent, to give us the knowledge of salvation and the remission of our sins. All of which we ask in the name of the same Jesus Christ, our Lord.”

“No theory of evolution can be formed to account for the similarity of molecules, for evolution necessarily implies continuous change…. The exact equality of each molecule to all others of the same kind gives it … the essential character of a manufactured article, and precludes the idea of its being eternal and self-existent.” 1873

James Clerk Maxwell





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